Known popularly as the City of Pearls and Cyberabad, Hyderabad is a major tourist destination in India. Set up in 1591, it has grown to become one of the major metropolitan cities of the country, and currently serves as the twin capital of the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. It is also known for its booming IT industry, biopharmaceutical sector, and Tollywood – the Telugu film industry.
The city represents a confluence of the old and the new – Hyderabad is synonymous with Charminar, the 400-year-old monument, and is also known for its pearls, bangles, silks, IT companies and diverse cuisine. Though a cosmopolitan city, it has retained its glorious past. Hyderabad is home to people from diverse cultures and traditions.
The decline of the Mughal Empire in Delhi in 1857 CE allowed Hyderabad to emerge as the foremost centre of culture in India. The migration of performing artists to the city particularly from the north and west of the Indian sub continent under the patronage of the Nizam, enriched the cultural milieu. This migration resulted in a mingling of North and South Indian languages, cultures and religions, which have since led to a co-existence of the ancient Hindu and the centuries old Muslim traditions, for which the city has become renowned. Christianity, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism have likewise thrived alongside each other. Now recognized globally as an IT hub, Hyderabad has a marvelous blend of diverse cultures (historical and modern), which is emulated in the daily lifestyle of the people.
Hyderabad is located at an altitude of 1,607 feet or 536 metres over the sea surface. The mean summer temperature in Hyderabad fluctuates between a maximum of 44 degrees celsius and a minimum temperature of around 22 degrees celsius. Winter temperatures range between a maximum of around 22 degree celsius and a minimum of around 12 degrees celsius. Wearing light woolens during early mornings and late evenings is recommended.
It forms a part of the Deccan Plateau. The area of Banjara Hills is the tallest point in the city. The city of Hyderabad is famous for its distinct landscape and houses a number of lakes including Hussain Sagar, Himayat Sagar, Osman Sagar, Shamirpet Lake, and Saroornagar Lake. The principal river passing through the city is the Musi River which has its source at the Anantagiri Hills. The city has a mostly warm and arid climate round the year.
The city covers a total area of 650 sq km or 250 sq miles.
As per census 2011, the population of the city is 6,809,970.
Industries like information technology, banking and finance, pearl culture, silk, biopharmaceuticals, tourism and real estate drive the economy of this city. Hyderabad, sometimes referred to as Cyberabad, is a business hub and competes alongside Bangalore for the title of the cyber capital of India. Many Indian and multinational software firms have set up base in Hyderabad and the state government is offering many sops to help further boost the industry. Hyderabad is also home to the Tollywood – the Telugu film industry that is placed second in India, in terms of films produced yearly. The other major business sectors in the city include pearls, glass manufacturing, textiles, railway coaches, paper products, silverware, saris, paintings and artifacts, handicrafts, bangles and pharmaceuticals.
* according to National Geographic ‘Traveler’ magazine